Tuesday, August 22, 2017

Ghost Month Festival



INTRODUCTION

The Ghost Festival (also known as Zhongyuan Festival by Taoists or Yu Lan Pen Festival by Buddhists) is the day to pay respects to the deceased by offering sacrifices.

In Chinese culture, it is thought that all ghosts will come out from the hell on the fifteenth day of the seventh lunar month, so the day is called the Ghost Day and the seventh lunar month is the Ghost Month.

Difference between Ghost Festival and Qingming Festival
In China, people also have the custom of offering sacrifices to the deceased on the Spring Festival, Qingming Festival, and the Double Ninth Festival. But different from these festivals, the Ghost Festival is the day that all ghosts will come out to visit the livings. Also, people only offer sacrifices to their ancestors and relatives on the above festivals, while during the Ghost Festival, besides ancestors and relatives, people will offer sacrifices to all the ghosts or spirits. So, it's also called the Hungry Ghost Festival. The Hungry Ghost Festival is regarded as the most important one among all the festivals that offering sacrifices the deceased.

History and Legend about Hungry Ghost Festival
About the history and legends of the ghost festival, there are mainly three ones. The most popular one  is Mulian Rescues His Mother. Click to get to know What's the story behind the Hungry Ghost Festival?

Date of Ghost Festival
The Ghost Festival falls on the 15th day of the 7th lunar month. In Gregorian calendar, it usually falls on August or September. The ghost month refers to the 7th lunar month. The following chart shows the exact date for the festival and the ghost month durations from 2015 to 2018:

YearDate of Ghost FestivalGhost Month
2015August 28thAugust 14th- September 12th
2016August 17thAugust 3th- August 31th
2017September 5thAugust 22th - September 19th
2018August 25thAugust 11th - September 9th

CULTURE

In China, people think on the Ghost month, the gate of hell will open to allow the ghosts and spirits go back to the living world. During the month, those have families will visit their families and those alone will roam on the street to seek food and entertainment.

Family members usually offer sacrifice to their deceased ancestors and relatives during the month and on the Ghost day. They are honored with delicious food three times a day on a table. The family’s ancestral tablets and photographs will be put on the table with incense burning near them. People also pay tribute to those unknown wandering ghosts with food and burn joss paper to please the ghosts on the 15th (some places on the 14th) day of the 7th lunar month to avoid the harm by them.

Buddhists and Taoists usually perform ceremonies on the day to help the ghosts ease the sufferings. They will set altars for them and chant scriptures. Monks often throw rice or some small foods into the air to distribute them to the ghosts.

On the evening of the Ghost day, people also make lanterns and float them on the river to help their relatives find their way back to home. The lanterns are usually lotus flower-shaped with light or candles. Some people also write their ancestors’ name on the lanterns.


THEY BELIEVE
(MGA PANINIWALA)


1. Don't stroll at night.
2. Don't swimming. It is said that the drowned evil ghost might try to drown you in order to find victims for them to rebirth.
3. As the month is considered to be inauspicious, don't move to new houses, start new businesses or marry.
4. Don't hang clothes outside at night.
5. Do not pick up coins or money found on the street and never bring it home.
6. Do not step on or kick the offerings by the roadside. If you step by accident, you should apologize aloud to make it alright.
7. Do not wear red because ghosts are attracted to red.
8. Don't sing and whistle as these may attract ghosts.
9. Keep away from the walls as it is believed that ghosts like sticking to walls.
10. If you are born during the ghost month, avoid celebrating your birthday at night. It's better to celebrate during the daytime.

Wednesday, June 14, 2017

Yayoi Kusama Exhibition

Get your artsy fix with the Yayoi Kusama exhibition at the National Gallery, featuring the captivating works of prolific Japanese artist, Yayoi Kusama, and her recent signature work entitled “Infinity Mirror Rooms”.


Yayoi Kusama is one of the world's most influential artists. Known for her iconic dots, nets, pumpkins and infinity rooms, her art has captivated millions all over the world.

National Gallery Singapore invites you to discover Kusama's expansive creative vision in the first major survey of her work held in Southeast Asia. Featuring over 120 works across media, YAYOI KUSAMA: Life is the Heart of a Rainbow offers an unprecedented opportunity to explore an extraordinary artistic journey across seven decades. 

Beginning with paintings from the 1950s, the exhibition traces the development of her key motifs and exploration of colour, form and space. Along the way, it highlights her forays into sculpture, collage, performance and video, before culminating in a series of spectacular installations and large-scale paintings that transform our galleries and public spaces.




Pumpkin

1981
Cloth and acrylic on canvas
130 x 97 cm
Collection of Daisuke Miyatsu, Japan 
 ©YAYOI KUSAMA, Courtesy of Ota Fine Arts, Tokyo/Singapore


The humble pumpkin is one of Kusama's most beloved motifs. The origin of her distinctive yellow-and-black colour scheme, these whimsical, bulbous forms appear regularly in her paintings, prints, sculptures and inst. This work combines an image of a pumpkin with the artist's signature nets and dots motifs.



Infinity Mirrored Room – Gleaming Lights of the Souls

2008
Mirror, wooden panels, LED lights, metal, acrylic panels
415 x 415 x 287.4 cm
Collection of the artist
 ©YAYOI KUSAMA, Courtesy of Ota Fine Arts, Tokyo/Singapore, Victoria Miro Gallery, London 


First created in 1965, Kusama's infinity mirror rooms transform the repetitive approach of her net and dot paintings into an immersive sensory experience. Ranging in format from small peep boxes to room-scale installations, these kaledoscopic environments invite contemplation in an infinitely repeating, expanded space.





Life is the Heart of a Rainbow
2017
Acrylic on canvas
194 x 194 cm
 ©YAYOI KUSAMA, Courtesy of Ota Fine Arts, Tokyo/Singapore, Victoria Miro Gallery, London, David Zwirner, New York
 
Kusama began her epic painting series My Eternal Soul in 2009, initially intending to complete 100 canvases. Still ongoing, the series now comprises over 500 paintings, 24 of which are featured in this exhibition. Filled with biomorphic shapes and decorative elements in a riot of bright colours, many of these works have never been shown before.

Sunday, April 9, 2017

Adex 2017 (asia dive expo)

Asia dive expo